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पन्ना (Panna)

The Green Elixir of Renewal
and Wisdom


The name "Emerald" comes from the ancient Greek word "smaragdos", which means green stone. This gem has been cherished for its lush green color for millennia


In Sanskrit, Emerald is known as "Panna" or "Marakata", highlighting its rich green hue and the reverence it holds.

"प्रसन्नो वित्तोपशान्तः सर्वरोगविवर्जितः।"

"Emerald brings financial stability and cures all diseases."

This verse, found is in the Ratnashashtra


Emerald, the gem of harmony and growth, is associated with the planet Venus (Shukra Dev). It symbolizes love, fertility, and abundance.

Color: Rich green to bluish-green
Hardness: 7.5-8 on the Mohs scale.
Lustre: Vitreous.
Transparency: Transparent to opaque.
Refractive Index: 1.564 - 1.595.


Emerald belongs to the Beryl family, with its chemical composition being beryllium aluminum silicate (Be3Al2(SiO3)6). The green color is typically due to traces of chromium or vanadium


Common treatments include oiling or filling with colorless oils or resins to improve clarity and color. This practice is accepted but should be disclosed


The highest quality Emeralds come from Colombia, followed by Zambia, Brazil, and other regions. Colombian Emeralds are renowned for their intense green color and exceptional clarity

Emerald, the green elixir of Venus, is a symbol of growth and harmony. When worn with respect and belief, it can bring intellectual prowess, love, and prosperity into your life, making it a truly precious gem of nature


Emeralds appease Lord Budha. Those who have a weak Mercury in their horoscopes and those suffering from the evil effects of Mercury due to unfavourable Budha dasa and bhukthi will benefit greatly. It is believed to protect against illnesses, physical danger, and evils.


Emerald is a gemstone and a variety of the mineral beryl (Be3Al2(SiO3)6) colored green by trace amounts of chromium or sometimes vanadium. Beryl has a hardness of 7.5–8 on the Mohs scale. Most emeralds have lots of material trapped inside during the gem's formation, so their toughness (resistance to breakage) is classified as generally poor. Emerald is a cyclosilicate

"या सुमनोहरा पन्ना समरस्त्वं विशेषतः। पुनर्नवीनतां देवि धारयन्ती सदा श्रियम्।"

Emerald: The Gem of Harmony and Renewal

Emerald's lush green has appeased souls and exited imaginations since ancient times. Its name comes from the Greek word for green, "Samaragdus". Mercury's Jyotish gem is the Emerald. It is one of the great five gems, known in Indian jargon as "pancharatna".


Mercury is impartial, evocative, delightful, and youthful. He is famous for ready wisdom, and the power of communication. Related to our respiratory system, nervous system, and speech, Mercury makes people more skillful, clever and delicate. He is shown riding a lion with an elephant's trunk which points towards the dual nature of Mercury, readily apparent in those with Gemini ascendant. The lion symbolizes wisdom and the Elephant memory. In his hands Mercury has a bow and arrow to shoot his target, a disc for Vishnu, and a conch for liberation. He is the sport loving prince of the Congregation of Gods


Emeralds symbolize rebirth, love, and fertility. In many cultures, they are associated with spring and the renewal of life.

In summary, emeralds are not only exquisite gemstones but also hold a special place in ancient Indian traditions. Whether worn for astrological reasons or admired for their lush green allure, emeralds continue to be treasured for the sense of harmony and renewal they bring to those who wear them

Origin Stories in Indian Sanskrit Texts

Emeralds, known as "Panna “, in Sanskrit, have captivated civilizations with their lush green beauty. In Indian mythology, the origin of emeralds is associated with the legendary serpent Adisesha, on whose coils Lord Vishnu rests. The "Garuda Purana" also attributes the creation of emeralds to divine beings churning the ocean during the "Samudra Manthan." The radiant green hue of emeralds symbolizes nature, fertility, and harmony in ancient Sanskrit texts

Meaning of the Name

The term "emerald" is derived from the Greek word "smaragdos," meaning green stone. In Sanskrit, emeralds are called "Panna," a name that reflects the gem's vibrant green colour, reminiscent of fresh foliage

Why Wear Emerald

 Emeralds are associated with Mercury (Budha) in Vedic astrology, and wearing them is believed to bestow the wearer with intellectual prowess, communication skills, and enhanced intuitive abilities. The gem is thought to bring balance and harmony to one's life, fostering growth, renewal, and prosperity. Emeralds are particularly recommended for individuals involved in creative or intellectual pursuits

How to Wear Emerald

To derive maximum benefits from emeralds, they are typically set in gold or silver rings and worn on the little finger of the right hand. It is recommended to wear emeralds on a Wednesday during the waxing moon cycle (Shukla Paksha) to amplify their positive effects. The gemstone should be in direct contact with the skin to absorb its energies

How to Buy Emerald

When buying an emerald, factors such as colour, clarity, cut, and carat weight should be considered. The most sought-after emeralds display a vivid, saturated green colour with good transparency. Inclusions, known as the "garden" in the gemstone trade, are often accepted as long as they do not significantly impact the stone's beauty. It is advisable to purchase emeralds from reputable sources and demand a certification of authenticity

When to Wear Emerald

Emeralds are often recommended for individuals born under the zodiac sign of Gemini or Virgo, ruled by Mercury. They are also suitable for anyone seeking to enhance their communication skills, intellectual abilities, or overall well-being. Wearing emeralds during Mercury's transit in one's birth chart (Budha Mahadasha) is believed to bring favourable results

Different Names of Emerald Gemstone

Emerald is known by various names such as Garoortyat, Haridararatnag, Taakshyar, Marakat, Souperna, and Soumya. In Persian, it is referred to as Jarmurad, in Bengali as Paannaa, in Kannada as Paachichalai, and in Gujarati, it is called Peeloo

Mantra - Sacred Chants for Energizing Emerald

There are two main mantras to energize Emerald:



   ॐ उद्बुध्यस्वाग्ने प्रतिजागृहि त्वमिष्टापूर्ते स सृजेथामयं च ।

      अस्मिन्त्सधस्थे अध्युत्तरस्मिन्विश्वे देवा यजमानश्च सीदत बुधाय नमः ।


   “Om aa krishnen rajasa vartamaano niveshyannamritam matrayam cha.

     Hiranyayena savita rathena devo yati bhuvnaani pashyann”



  “ॐ ब्रां ब्रीं ब्रौं सः बुधाय नमः“

  “Om Braam Breem Braum Sah Budhay Namah”

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