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नीलम (Neelam)

The Enigmatic Jewel of Saturn

"नीलम इन्द्रस्य मणिकम् प्रसादप्रतिष्ठितम्।"

"Neelam, the gem of Lord Indra, is endowed with divine blessings."

This verse, found is in ancient Indian texts


The name "Sapphire" finds its roots in the Latin word "sapphirus" and the Greek word "sappheiros", both meaning blue. This gemstone has captivated hearts with its deep blue allure for centuries


In Sanskrit, Blue Sapphire is known as "Neelam" or "Indraneel", reflecting its deep blue hue and its celestial connection.


Blue Sapphire, the gem of truth and protection, is linked with the planet Saturn (Shani Dev). It symbolizes discipline, wisdom, and protection from malefic forces


Blue Sapphire is highly esteemed for its ability to bring clarity of thought, enhance intuition, and protect its wearer from negative energies. It is believed to bring discipline and structure to one's life 

  • Enhances mental clarity and focus.

  • Provides protection from malefic influences.

  • Promotes wisdom and self-discipline.

  • Aids in overcoming obstacles and challenges.

  • Encourages spiritual growth


Blue Sapphire belongs to the Corundum family, with its chemical composition being aluminum oxide (Al2O3). The blue color is typically due to the presence of iron and titanium


Heat treatment is a common practice to enhance the color and clarity of Blue Sapphires. This is widely accepted in the gemstone industry


Blue Sapphire quality is evaluated based on the "Four Cs":

  • Color: The most critical factor; a rich, uniform blue is prized.

  • Clarity: Fewer inclusions result in higher quality.

  • Cut: A well-cut Sapphire maximizes its brilliance.

  • Carat Weight: Larger Sapphires are rarer and more valuable.

Quality levels range from low to exceptional, with exceptional Blue Sapphires displaying an intense blue color, minimal inclusions, excellent cut, and substantial size.


The finest Blue Sapphires come from Kashmir, followed by Myanmar (Burma), Sri Lanka, and other regions. Kashmiri Sapphires are renowned for their intense blue color and velvety texture


Color: Deep blue to violet-blue
Hardness: 9 on the Mohs scale.
Lustre: Vitreous.
Transparency: Transparent to opaque.
Refractive Index: 1.762 - 1.778.


  • Protect from scratches and hard impacts.

  • Avoid exposure to harsh chemicals.

  • Clean with a mild soapy water solution and a soft brush.

  • Store separately to prevent scratches.

  • Periodic re-polishing may be needed to maintain luster and clarity.

Blue Sapphire, the majestic gem of Saturn, is believed to bring clarity, protection, and wisdom to its wearer. When worn with reverence and belief, it can provide a shield against negativity and guide you towards a disciplined and enlightened path

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